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India: Past and The Future - Part III
The British Empire -The Era of Plunder and Genocide
By Parwaiz Khan
There was a final struggle to throw away the yoke of British tyranny in 1857. Again, thanks to the local collaborators, the humanity lost. The British crown took over the direct control of India.
. . . And, the Indian subcontinent witnessed the atrocities that it had never seen.
The British Tyranny Wins
The final wars against the British Tyranny were fought by the king of Mysore, Tipu Sultan. With the help of Indian collaborators like Nizam, Marathas and Aga Khan, the Tyranny incorporated under the umbrella of The British East India Company won and Tipu Sultan died fighting in 1799.
The British had tried their best to bring Tipu in their folds and make him join the company of other traitors - They wanted his endorsement to garner public support and to legitimize their occupation of India. Tipu Sultan preferred to die fighting.
Upon seeing Tipu Sultan's dead body, the British Commander uttered the historic words, "from now on, India is ours".
He was very right.
There was no more any effective resistance left. A final effort to throw away the yoke of slavery failed in 1857. The British Crown took over direct control of India in 1858.
. . . And, the Indian subcontinent witnessed the atrocities that it had never seen.
Death, Terror and Genocide - The Killing Fields of India
The British had come very close to lose in 1857. If it were not for their loyal collaborators, it would had been the end.
The last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was captured. The British were desperate for his endorsement. To persuade him, British beheaded his sons one by one - and presented him their heads on his breakfast tray - Very civilized, indeed. Bahadur Shah refused to submit and was sent to die in a prison in Burma.
The ruling tyrants of the British Empire felt that the only way to safe guard the continuity of their colonial rule in India was to completely annihilate the class of population that had the potential to unite the populace and pose a threat to the Empire.
The British unleashed a reign of terror and killing that lasted more than a decade. Delhi, and the entire northwestern region of India, was the killing ground of the British army.
Delhi had been the capital and the seat of power for centuries. Most of its inhabitants were the Indian nobility, military commanders and the rich merchants - and, they were all a potential threat to the crown.
Delhi was surrounded by the British army - It was a free for all - Gang rapes, lootings and killings. Not a child was allowed to live and escape from the city of Delhi. It was very British, indeed.
There were hanging posts five miles long running all the way down from the historic Delhi Gate. Men, with any hint of nationalist links, were rounded up and brought to Delhi to be hanged in public - their male children slaughtered right there. these Search and Hang operations continued for a decade.
These public executions had the intended effect of demoralizing an already enslaved population.
Historian state that between 10 million to 20 million people were slaughtered between 1857 and 1867. It was genocide - a real Holocaust.
But, the British had a lot more to accomplish in the Indian subcontinent.
Seeds of Hatred and The Religious Bigotry
The Indian subcontinent was a very unique region. It had been a melting pot of civilizations. Mughals saw the safety and security of their empire in the harmony, mutual understanding and religious tolerance. They had promoted a culture where all beliefs were respected and diversity was appreciated as the throbbing energy of a vibrant society. The subcontinent was the United States of the era.
In their feudal zeal, Mughal had achieved something good. The result was a thriving economy, and a relative peace and prosperity for the populace.
The Mughal Empire, like the earlier Maurya Empire or the Gupta Empire, was an Indian feudal empire whose strength and prosperity was rooted in the subcontinent.
The British Empire in India, on the other hand, was a colonial power that had occupied the region for loot and plunder - It was based in London - Not in India. If they were to permit the unity of various religious, linguistic, ethnic and other identities in India in a struggle against the alien rule, they would had no chance of survival.
The only way for the British to maintain their rule-and-loot was to divide the people.
Before the British tyranny infested the Indian subcontinent, every body living there was called Hindu or Hindi or Indi - as the word "Hindu" relates to the region and NOT to a religion. The Central Asians used to call the Indian subcontinent region "Hind" - The Chinese called it "Ind" - And, the entire region was used to be called Hindustan or Industan.
British imposed the association of word "Hindu" with the collective religious segments of the people who didn't claim Islam as their religion. With the burning of existing Indian books, libraries and the literature and the incorporation of British prescribed literature and text, the culture of the subcontinent had changed. Indians were divided as "Hindus" and Muslims.
British had created a culture of hate, fear and distrust among its own people.
But, British had a lot more to accomplish to ensure the continuation their tyranny.
Bringing Indians' stature to size
Indian subcontinent had seen centuries of relative prosperity and abundance. The Empires of the past were prosperous and the emperors had incorporated the policies that assured a booming agriculture and plenty of food for the population. The result was a population that was - on an average - sturdier and taller than their average European brethrens.
British tyranny might have felt greatly threatened by this factor - it might had been difficult to keep a people subjugated whom they had to look up to speak to!
Or, might it be that the tyrants had simply decided that it was time for the people of the subcontinent to pay for their indulgence in the abundance of food!
Any way, they incorporated the policies that decimated the Indian population and, at the same time, brought the Indians' stature to the desired size!
It was a simple two-step strategy.
First, large tracts of producing farmlands were confiscated in the name of Crown and the farmers were displaced.
Second, a majority of farmers were ruthlessly taxed - 90% to 95% of the crop was collected in the name of Crown. The effect was that the farmers were left with nothing to supply to the market - No seeds were left for the next crop - No means were left for the farmer to survive as a farmers. They were forced to abandon their field.
The result was as desired by the enemies of the humanity - series of successive and repetitive famines that killed tens of millions of people throughout the subcontinent.
British records left in India contains thousands of the photographs of the victims of those made in England famines. You are looking at one of those Photographs.
According to the British labor force records, a drop in manpower of up to a third (33%) across vast swaths of India was reported. A British official had recorded the comment, "on account of the undisputed display of British power, necessary during those terrible and wretched days - millions of wretches seemed to have died."
People of the Indian subcontinent, probably, didn't appreciate that how lucky they were - They were not slated for extinction like their American and Australian counterparts - Rather, they were deemed more useful as chattels, albeit with the needed elimination and stable cleaning process.
And, the British, of course, needed help of some highly dedicated and devoted servants to manage their chattel and collect the loot.
The Pillars of The British Raj
The British, in the first place, could not have a footing in India without mastering the art of reinvestment (Think Rockefeller)! The British tyranny, incorporated under the auspices of The British East India Company, had been reinvesting a substantial portion of its profits in buying and grooming Indian collaborators - the traitors and the attack dogs. With the help of these Indian collaborators the British Empire was able to enslave the subcontinent. The British Empire maintained its continuity by establishing a hierarchical network of local traitors.
The chief traitors were rewarded by appointing them as the Nawabs and Rajas (the Lilliputian kings). These urchins were responsible for implementing the British agenda of loot and plunder. There was no safety or security for the masses under these incapable and ruthless servants of the British Empire.
The verified and proved servants of the empire were brought up and trained to help administer the governmental affairs. This trusted class of the servants of the empire, over a period of generations, was elevated to provided the bulwark for the British Raj in India.
When The British had to leave, they made sure that they were leaving their priced possession in the hands of these trusted servants. These remnants of the British Empire were preserved and retained by the implanted stooges of the Empire to form the permanent governments in both India and Pakistan after the independence.
The British Empire had been a money empire. It may be considered a Bankers' Empire. They understood very well the necessity of wealth positioning - Wealth needed to be concentrated and anchored in right hands to support the causes of The Empire. They chose the most desired ones with great care - family history of collaboration, business acumen, a burning desire to accumulate wealth and a willingness to betray the humanity.
Top British picks for the task were the Tatas and the Birlas. These two families, along with a few others, were financed and supported to produce and provided the goods and service needed for the European war theaters and the economy in general.
Birlas and Tatas, along with many of their variants, are the Two Most Powerful and Wealthiest Families in today's India. Their hands are in every thing and everywhere.
And, these vestiges of the British Empire claim to be the freedom fighters!
And, Ghanshyam Das Birla, The grand daddy of the Birla dynasty, was Mohandas Gandhi's principal financial backer !!!
The British Empire on The retreat
A century of continuous atrocities, loot and plunder had made the lives of the masses in India miserable. People were willing to die in their struggle to seek freedom from the clutches of the tyranny. Nationalist leaders from all walks of life were attracting large followings of locals who were revolting against the British authority. By 1920s a strong coalition of national leaders had emerged to challenge the British Raj and its puppets.
British Empire knew that the time had come for it to depart. The evolving and growing freedom movements in the nooks and corners of the colony were posing a grave danger to the existence of the Raj.
The prospects of losing it all to a fiercely nationalist and well organized popular movement were not very appealing to the British elites - They could envision the torrent of claims and demands for retributions.
The likes of Gandhi, Nehru and Jinah (the Pakistani counterpart of Gandhi) were already implanted. It was just a matter of hijacking the real freedom movements and substituting the fake leadership for the real one.
And, The British tyranny was safe to go laughing all the way to home - With all the Gold and the Diamonds in the vaults - and the implanted stooges to keep serving the Empire.